This updated and revised edition of a highly praised volume provides meaningful insights into the systems of inequality in the United States - such as race, class, and gender - that impact health. Updated versions of a number of the original chapters, as well as new chapters and appendixes, address areas such as using community organizing to influence policy; using the arts in community building and organizing; online activism; and the role of cultural humility and systems change in building effective partnerships between local health departments and community residents.
JVloRE THAN FIFTY years ago, German social psychologist Kurt Lewin ( 1947)
developed force field analysis as a way of understanding social situations and
promoting change. Half a century later, health and social service professionals
What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance
Both China and India were found to have real GDPs nearly 40% lower than
previous estimates19 because prices were found to be higher than previously
estimated. In the case of China, at least some of this downward revision appears
- what is the relationship between the social sciences and the natural sciences? - where do today's dominant approaches to doing social science come from? - what are the main fissures and debates in contemporary social scientific thought? - how are we to make sense of seemingly contrasting approaches to how social scientists find out about the world and justify their claims to have knowledge of it? In this exciting handbook, Ian Jarvie and Jesús Zamora-Bonilla have put together a wide-ranging and authoritative overview of the main philosophical currents and traditions at work in the social sciences today. Starting with the history of social scientific thought, this handbook sets out to explore that core fundamentals of social science practice, from issues of ontology and epistemology to issues of practical method. Along the way it investigates such notions as paradigm, empiricism, postmodernism, naturalism, language, agency, power, culture, and causality. Bringing together in one volume leading authorities in the field from around the world, this book will be a must-have for any serious scholar or student of the social sciences.
This maximization obviously entailed that the values (real numbers) taken by
these numerical functions had all the properties generally associated with real
numbers. In fact, mathematically speaking, the economists wanted to use all the ...
The aim of the Handbook of Social Indicators and Quality of Life Research is to create an overview of the field of Quality of Life (QOL) studies in the early years of the 21st century that can be updated and improved upon as the field evolves and the century unfolds. Social indicators are statistical time series “...used to monitor the social system, helping to identify changes and to guide intervention to alter the course of social change”. Examples include unemployment rates, crime rates, estimates of life expectancy, health status indices, school enrollment rates, average achievement scores, election voting rates, and measures of subjective well-being such as satisfaction with life-as-a-whole and with specific domains or aspects of life. This book provides a review of the historical development of the field including the history of QOL in medicine and mental health as well as the research related to quality-of-work-life (QWL) programs. It discusses several of QOL main concepts: happiness, positive psychology, and subjective wellbeing. Relations between spirituality and religiousness and QOL are examined as are the effects of educational attainment on QOL and marketing, and the associations with economic growth. The book goes on to investigate methodological approaches and issues that should be considered in measuring and analysing quality of life from a quantitative perspective. The final chapters are dedicated to research on elements of QOL in a broad range of countries and populations.
It may be defined as a rapid and sustained rise in real output per head and
attendant shifts in production technology, factor input requirements, and the
resource allocation of a nation. “Rapid and sustained” is taken here to mean an
The Handbook of the Psychology of Communication Technology offers an unparalleled source for seminal and cutting-edge research on the psychological aspects of communicating with and via emergent media technologies, with leading scholars providing insights that advance our knowledge on human-technology interactions. • A uniquely focused review of extensive research on technology and digital media from a psychological perspective • Authoritative chapters by leading scholars studying psychological aspects of communication technologies • Covers all forms of media from Smartphones to Robotics, from Social Media to Virtual Reality • Explores the psychology behind our use and abuse of modern communication technologies • New theories and empirical findings about ways in which our lives are transformed by digital media
In line with emotion psychology, processing media messages in an emotional
state may give the viewer the impression that something real, psychologically real, or of real importance is going on (Konijn, 2012; Konijn & Ten Holt, 2010;
Until recently, a handbook on neurosociology would have been viewed with skepticism by sociologists, who have long been protective of their disciplinary domain against perceived encroachment by biology. But a number of developments in the last decade or so have made sociologists more receptive to biological factors in sociology and social psychology. Much of this has been encouraged by the coeditors of this volume, David Franks and Jonathan Turner. This new interest has been increased by the explosion of research in neuroscience on brain functioning and brain-environment interaction (via new MRI technologies), with implications for social and psychological functioning. This handbook emphasizes the integration of perspectives within sociology as well as between fields in social neuroscience. For example, Franks represents a social constructionist position following from G.H. Mead’s voluntaristic theory of the act while Turner is more social structural and positivistic. Furthermore, this handbook not only contains contributions from sociologists, but leading figures from the psychological perspective of social neuroscience.
What has emerged is the empirical study of “real reason”— how people really
think, whether they are people studied by social scientists or social scientists
themselves. The social sciences, of course, study the material causes of social
The Second Edition has been rewritten to provide additional coverage of topics such as urban development and third world cities as well as social issues including homelessness, jobs/housing mismatch and transportation disadvantages. It has also been updated with 1990 Census data.
The Second Edition has been rewritten to provide additional coverage of topics such as urban development and third world cities as well as social issues including homelessness, jobs/housing mismatch and transportation disadvantages.
The co-operation between the Netherlands Nationaal Archief and the Arsip Nasional Republik Indonesia has resulted in this catalogue of fifteen archives of VOC (Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie) institutions in Jakarta. The VOC records are included in UNESCOs Memory of the World Register
Surat kiriman itu berisikan tinjauan situasi VOC di Asia di bidang perdagangan, keuangan, dan politik. Urusan-urusan ... Urusan-urusan lainnya bersama
dengan sisa berkas-berkas tebal dari Asia dirujuk ke Haags Besogne.
Ethnicity and Poverty Groups in an Urban School District
This study seeks to reorient our understanding of the early educational determinants of social stratification outcomes. It focuses on the process and consequences of unequal cognitive skill attainment for ethnic and poverty groups within our nation's cities. It draws, theoretically, on the notion that experiences at home and school create a feedback loop by which the "cultural capital" of the students (their toolkit of skills, habits, and styles with which they construct strategies of action) evolves over time and largely determines differential success in mastering the teacher-assigned coursework.
While citing Bourdieu, one of the founders of the cultural-capital school, she
maintains that beginning with Max Weber, sociologists of culture have been too
intent on seeing culture determining action through its effect on values, the end