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Systematic Data Collection

Data collection in the field, whether by interviewing or other methods, can be carried out in a structured, systematic and scientific way. This volume compels field researchers to take very seriously not only what they hear, but what they ask. Ethnographers have often discovered too late that the value of their interview information is discounted as a consequence of poor sampling (of both questions and informants) and poor elicitation techniques. The authors focus on the importance of establishing the right questions to ask through the use of free listing techniques; then they describe in practical terms the administration of an impressive array of alternative kinds of informant task. They conclude with a discussion of reliability and validity of various methods which can be used to generate more systematic, culturally meaningful data.

Osgood and colleagues used rating scales to study the dimensions of meaning in
words. ... saturation, and brightness, Osgood and colleagues described the
dimensions of affective meaning as evaluative (good-bad), active (active-passive
), ...

Handbook of Data Analysis

A fundamental book for social researchers. It provides a first-class, reliable guide to the basic issues in data analysis. Scholars and students can turn to it for teaching and applied needs with confidence.

Meaning is use- based and therefore any representation partakes of the meaning
that context provides. These may be ... That is, the subjective meaning, or
association between a message and an idea, always exists. 'Language games',
as we ...

Data Collection

Key Debates and Methods in Social Research

This innovative book provides students and researchers alike with an indispensible introduction to the key theoretical issues and practical methods needed for data collection. It uses clear definitions, relevant interdisciplinary examples from around the world and up-to-date suggestions for further reading to demonstrate how to usefully gather and use qualitative, quantitative, and mixed data sets. The book is divided into seven critical parts: • Data Collection: An Introduction to Research Practices • Collecting Qualitative Data • Observation and Informed Methods • Experimental and Systematic Data Collection • Survey Methods for Data Collection • The Case Study Method of Data Collection • Concluding Suggestions for Data Collection Groups A stimulating, practical guide which can be read as individual concepts or as a whole this will be an important resource for students and research professionals. Wendy Olsen is Senior Lecturer at Manchester University, Institute for Development Policy & Management and Cathie Marsh Centre for Census & Survey Research

The study of meaning is also called 'hermeneutics'. Hermeneutics recognises that
the meaning intended byatext'sauthor maynot betheonetaken byaparticular
audience.Exegesis ofthe Bibleor Koranwouldbekey examples.Tracing the ...

Encyclopedia of Business in Today's World

A - C

Of course the practices, technologies, and tools of business are currently utilized
by professional managers in government, education, arts organizations, not-for-
profit organizations, political organizations, social service organizations, etc. That
is, rather than having an opera company run by a former singer who charms its
patrons, what is expected is a former singer who is a professional manager who
is adept at grappling with the issues, requirements, and expectations associated
with ...

Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery

"The scope includes behavioral addictions such as eating disorders, gambling and compulsive shopping. Preparation of the profession is heavily featured in numerous articles on standards, training, ethics and professional organizations. An emphasis on expectations and current practice make this set and excellent resource for those preparing for work in their fields. Therefore, this title is highly appropriate for academic libraries." —John R.M. Lawrence "This comprehensive resource makes a great companion to works such as Edith M. Freeman's Substance Abuse Treatment (Sage, 1993), Gary L. Fisher and Thomas C. Harrison's Substance Abuse (4th ed., Allyn & Bacon, 2008), and most of the works in Guilford's "Substance Abuse" series. Highly recommended for research and academic libraries." —Library Journal "Reflecting the recent explosion in the knowledge base of all aspects of the alcohol and drug abuse field, the Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery presents state-of-the-art research and evidence-based applications. The Encyclopedia's approximately 350 A-to-Z signed entries focus on the information that addiction treatment and prevention professionals and allied health professionals need to effectively work with clients." —John R.M. Lawrence—Library Journal Reflecting the recent explosion in the knowledge base of all aspects of the alcohol and drug abuse field, the presents state-of-the-art research and evidence-based applications. The Encyclopedia's approximately 350 A-to-Z signed entries focus on the information that addiction treatment and prevention professionals and allied health professionals need to effectively work with clients. —John R.M. Lawrence—Reflecting the recent explosion in the knowledge base of all aspects of the alcohol and drug abuse field, the presents state-of-the-art research and evidence-based applications. The Encyclopedia's approximately 350 A-to-Z signed entries focus on the information that addiction treatment and prevention professionals and allied health professionals need to effectively work with clients. Features Provides comprehensive and authoritative coverage of such areas as the neurobiology of addiction, models of addiction, sociocultural perspectives on drug use, family and community factors, prevention theories and techniques, professional issues, the criminal justice system and substance abuse, assessment and diagnosis, and more Focuses on concepts of addiction and treatment practices, but also addresses commonly used and abused drugs, including recreational, prescription, and over-the-counter Offers a Reader's Guide that lists topic categories with specific entries Presents cross-references at the end of each entry to help readers locate related information in other entries, as well as Further Readings for those who wish to pursue topics in more depth Includes an appendix listing of58 different drugs and substances with corresponding relevant entries The Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery is intended for use by pre-service and in-service addiction prevention and treatment providers and allied professionals in the fields of criminal justice, counseling, social work, public health, nursing, medicine, other health care professions, education, and family studies.

Founded in 1972 as the National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Counselors, NAADAC was created as a professional association to represent the
interests and concerns of substance abuse counselors. Since then, NAADAC has
evolved as an organization addressing the needs of professionals who are active
in prevention, intervention, treatment, and education. The professionals filling
these roles have expanded to include the increasing number of tobacco,
gambling, and ...

Encyclopedia of Public Relations

When initially published in 2005, the two-volume Encyclopedia of Public Relations was the first and most authoritative compilation of the subject. It remains the sole reference source for any library serving patrons in business, communication, and journalism as it explores the evolution of the field with examples describing the events, changing practices, and key figures who developed and expanded the profession. Reader’s Guide topics include Crisis Communications & Management, Cyberspace, Ethics, Global Public Relations, Groups, History, Jargon, Management, Media, News, Organizations, Relations, Reports, Research, and Theories & Models. Led by renowned editor Robert L. Heath, with advisory editors and contributors from around the world, the set is designed to reach a wide array of student readers who will go on to serve as opinion leaders for improving the image and ethics of the practice. The Second Edition continues to explore key challenges facing the profession, such as earning the trust and respect of critics and the general public. Much greater emphasis and space will be placed on a theme that was just emerging when the First Edition appeared: the Internet and social media as public relations tools. International coverage and representation has been greatly expanded, as well. Finally, biographies (which are now widely available on the Web) have been deleted to give room to areas of enhanced coverage, and biographical material are included where appropriate within the context of topical entries. However, a long entry on women pioneers in public relations has been included as an appendix.

The Association for Women in Communications (AWC) is a professional
organization that champions the advancement of women across all
communications disciplines by recognizing excellence, promoting leadership,
and positioning its members at the forefront of the evolving communications era.
This national professional organization also sponsors student chapters. Founded
in 1909 with 2,500 members as Theta Sigma Phi at the University of Washington,
the organization has ...

Encyclopedia of Women in the American West

Arranged alphabetically, discusses the lives of more than 150 Western women who have made contributions to American society in such fields as law, education, public performance, and religion.

The professionals at Sage Reference made this volume possible with guidance,
enthusiasm, and a critical eye. In particular, we thank Rolfe A. Janke, Jerry
Westby, Claudia Hoffman, and Leticia Gutierrez for their support, professionalism,
and prompt responses to so many questions over the past three years. Barbara
Coster, our copy editor, brought consistency with good questions and
professional touches to this volume. We also thank all the librarians who have
made much of this ...

Effective Meetings

Improving Group Decision Making

The purpose of this book is to improve the decision-making process in social work groups. Illustrating the volume with various meeting models - including advisory groups, intergroup and intercultural meetings - John E Tropman examines a number of critical issues facing social workers including family and community violence, health care and homelessness. New to this Second Edition is a discussion of the relationship between meetings and missions, goals, and external and internal forces.

The purpose of this book is to improve the decision-making process in social work groups.

Interpreting Quantitative Data with SPSS

This is a textbook for introductory courses in quantitative research methods across the social sciences. It offers a detailed explanation of introductory statistical techniques and presents an overview of the contexts in which they should be applied.

This is a textbook for introductory courses in quantitative research methods across the social sciences.

An Introduction to Secondary Data Analysis with IBM SPSS Statistics

Many professional, high-quality surveys collect data on people's behaviour, experiences, lifestyles and attitudes. The data they produce is more accessible than ever before. This book provides students with a comprehensive introduction to using this data, as well as transactional data and big data sources, in their own research projects. Here you will find all you need to know about locating, accessing, preparing and analysing secondary data, along with step-by-step instructions for using IBM SPSS Statistics. You will learn how to: Create a robust research question and design that suits secondary analysis Locate, access and explore data online Understand data documentation Check and 'clean' secondary data Manage and analyse your data to produce meaningful results Replicate analyses of data in published articles and books Using case studies and video animations to illustrate each step of your research, this book provides you with the quantitative analysis skills you'll need to pass your course, complete your research project and compete in the job market. Exercises throughout the book and on the book's companion website give you an opportunity to practice, check your understanding and work hands on with real data as you're learning.

The data they produce is more accessible than ever before. This book provides students with a comprehensive introduction to using this data, as well as transactional data and big data sources, in their own research projects.