BAB III MODEL-MODEL PROSES PERSUASI DALAM KOMUNIKASI Teori-teori
yang berhubungan dengan cara komunikasi massa memengaruhi perilaku
individu telah menumbuhkan usaha- usaha lain untuk menyusun konsep yang
berhubungan dengan manipulasi melalui pesan-pesan komunikasi. Contoh
mengenai hal ini adalah usaha-usaha iklan untuk membujuk konsumen agar
membeli barang yang ditawarkan. Lebih jelas lagi adalah kampanye partai
politik yang berusaha ...
Keterbatasan literatur yang komprehensif dan simplikasi yang berlebihan terhadap istilah manajemen merupakan dua hal yang mendasari mengapa buku Pengantar Manajemen ini ditulis. Banyak orang dengan mudah merangkai istilah manajemen dengan permasalahan yang akan dipecahkan sehingga menimbulkan kekaburan makna dan esensi dasar manajemen itu sendiri. Oleh karena itu, dengan menelusuri sketsa yang ada dalam buku ini, diyakini bahwa para pembaca akan memahami karakteristik ilmu dan seni manajemen secara mendasar.
Keterbatasan literatur yang komprehensif dan simplikasi yang berlebihan terhadap istilah manajemen merupakan dua hal yang mendasari mengapa buku Pengantar Manajemen ini ditulis.
Behind Lance Armstrong's amazing success is a multifaceted plan of strengthening, bicycling, and nutrition so strong and so effective that it created a legend. Now, with The Lance Armstrong Performance Program, cyclists of every experience level can find the exercises, riding schedules, endurance builders and mental tricks that brought Lance back to the pinnacle of cycling. Now, Lance Armstrong wants you to have his program, too. Inside you'll find: * Practical tips on all aspects of cycling from equipement to essential maintenance * Comprehensive training plans including a 7-week program, training techniques and recovery tips * Eating plans for fitness and enhanced performance Whether a novice or a pro, you can now ride the same path as Lance to achieve your personal best.
Now, with The Lance Armstrong Performance Program, cyclists of every experience level can find the exercises, riding schedules, endurance builders and mental tricks that brought Lance back to the pinnacle of cycling.
An instrument with the ability to image neutral atomic hydrogen (HI) to cosmic redshift will allow the fundamental properties of the Universe to be more precisely determined; in particular the distribution, composition, and evolutionary history of its matter and energy. The Square Kilometre Array (SKA) is a radio survey telescope conceived with this aim. It will have the observational potential for much further fundamental science, including strong field tests of gravity and general relativity, revealing the origin and history of cosmological re-ionisation and magnetism, direct measures of gravitational radiation, and surveys of the unmapped Universe. And it is the advance of instrumentation that will enable it. This thesis makes three central contributions to radio instrumentation. Digital aperture arrays are a collector technology proposed for the key low- and mid- frequency ranges targeted by the SKA that have the potential to provide both the collecting area and field of view required for deep, efficient all-sky surveys of HI. The 2-Polarisations, All Digital (2-PAD) aperture array is an instrumental pathfinder for the SKA, novel in being a densely-spaced, wide-band aperture array that performs discrete signal filtering entirely digitally. The digital design of the 2-PAD radio receiver and the deployment of the aperture array and signal processing system at Jodrell Bank Radio Observatory is detailed in this thesis. The problem of element anisotropy in small arrays, the atomic unit of the SKA station array, ultimately affects beam quality. Addressing this issue, a metaheuristic digital beam-shape optimisation technique is applied to a small beamformed array, and is shown to outperform traditional analytic solutions. Digital processing for aperture arrays is challenging. A qualitative framework shows that energy, computational and communication requirements demand optimised processing architectures. A quantitative model reveals the physical limitations on architecture choice. An energy-optimised architecture, the IBM BIT integer array processor, is investigated in detail; a cycle-accurate architectural simulator and programming language are developed and used to build signal processing algorithms on the array architecture.
Digital aperture arrays are a collector technology proposed for the key low- and mid- frequency ranges targeted by the SKA that have the potential to provide both the collecting area and field of view required for deep, efficient all-sky ...
This thesis investigates, using in-line simulation, the effect of non-deterministic runtime distributions on the performance of SmartNet's schedule execution using the Opportunistic Load Balancing (OLB) Algorithm, the Limited Best Assignment (LBA) Algorithm, an O(mn squared) Greedy Algorithm, and an O(mn) Greedy Algorithm. SmartNet is a framework for scheduling jobs and machines in a heterogeneous computing environment. Its major strength is its use of both current machine loads and predicted job/machine performance when generating schedules. Schedules are built to meet various Quality of Service requirements using the above algorithms among others. We enhanced SmartNet's simulator so that the runtime distributions could be used for experimentation. The distributions were generated using derivations from our study on NAS Benchmarks. Experiments were run for various categories of job/machine heterogeneity to compare the algorithms which account for both load and expected performance (the Greedy algorithms) against OLB and LBA. For all categories of heterogeneity, the greedy algorithms outperformed the other two algorithms for both truncated Gaussian and exponential distributions. For these same distributions, the O(mn) Greedy algorithm performed as well as the O(mn2) Greedy algorithm when the heterogeneity of jobs and machines was high.
This thesis investigates, using in-line simulation, the effect of non-deterministic runtime distributions on the performance of SmartNet's schedule execution using the Opportunistic Load Balancing (OLB) Algorithm, the Limited Best ...
Performance Management is an HR issue and responsibility for it lies with the HR department (even if it seems to be the job of individual line managers, team leaders or a business improvement initiative). For the first time, this audit brings together all the issues involved in performance management and sets out a clear system for analysing, reviewing and improving them. If your organisation does not already use performance management formally, you will find a simple framework for introducing appropriate performance management systems and making them work. If it does use performance management techniques, you will find the tools to review and evaluate existing procedures - and make them work better. At each step there are suggested questions, draft questionnaires, policy checklists and project planning guidelines to help you review: General principles and practices The way you define and agree your expectations of teams and individual staff Methods of planning performance Methods of measuring and reviewing performance (performance reviews and feedback, performance measures and documentation) The way you relate pay to performance (including analysis of the techniques available) Training and development in relation to performance management Run this audit and get a clear picture of the strengths and weaknesses of performance management in your organisation. Then identify and implement improvements, and measure the results.
If it does use performance management techniques, you will find the tools to review and evaluate existing procedures - and make them work better.
The e-reward 2014 survey of performance management found that the three major concerns of respondents - all about line managers - were: 1. The lack of line managers with the skills required to carry out performance management effectively. 2. Line managers who don't discriminate sufficiently when assessing performance. 3. Line managers who were reluctant to conduct performance management reviews.Many organizations are aware of this and do provide training for their line managers but the focus tends to be on the skills required to manage the performance of people rather than how to ensure that the system works well because of the commitment and expertise of line managers. This toolkit provides a complete set of customizable tools to facilitate active learning sessions including discussion, practical exercises and role plays, as well as handouts, slides and notes so that you can be sure that you have everything that you need to train managers efficiently and effectively in performance management. It will help organizations increase the effectiveness of their performance management systems through building acceptance of the need for performance management, commitment to it, an understanding of how it works and the skills required.The toolkit is organized into eight learning modules, each covering an aspect of performance management. Each of these can stand alone as formal learning programmes but the contents of the modules constitute a menu from which a selection of the presentations and exercises can be made to build specially constructed programmes or e-learning material.
Line managers who were reluctant to conduct performance management reviews.Many organizations are aware of this and do provide training for their line managers but the focus tends to be on the skills required to manage the performance of ...